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Psychological improvement in infertile women after behavioral treatment: a replication*†

  • Author Footnotes
    ‡ Mind/Body Medical Institute, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital.
    ,
    Author Footnotes
    § Reprint requests: Alice D. Domar, Ph.D., Division of Behavioral Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital, 185 Pilgrim Road, Boston, Massachusetts 02215.
    Alice D. Domar
    Footnotes
    ‡ Mind/Body Medical Institute, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital.
    § Reprint requests: Alice D. Domar, Ph.D., Division of Behavioral Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital, 185 Pilgrim Road, Boston, Massachusetts 02215.
    Affiliations
    New England Deaconess Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    ‡ Mind/Body Medical Institute, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital.
    Patricia C. Zuttermeister
    Footnotes
    ‡ Mind/Body Medical Institute, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital.
    Affiliations
    New England Deaconess Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    ‖ Faulkner Center for Reproductive Medicine, Harvard Medical School.
    Machelle Seibel
    Footnotes
    ‖ Faulkner Center for Reproductive Medicine, Harvard Medical School.
    Affiliations
    New England Deaconess Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
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  • Author Footnotes
    ‡ Mind/Body Medical Institute, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital.
    Herbert Benson
    Footnotes
    ‡ Mind/Body Medical Institute, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital.
    Affiliations
    New England Deaconess Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    ‡ Mind/Body Medical Institute, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital.
    § Reprint requests: Alice D. Domar, Ph.D., Division of Behavioral Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital, 185 Pilgrim Road, Boston, Massachusetts 02215.
    ‖ Faulkner Center for Reproductive Medicine, Harvard Medical School.
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      Objective

      To replicate previously reported psychological improvements in infertile women attending a group behavioral treatment program.

      Design

      Psychological and demographic data were collected before entering and again upon completion of a behavioral medicine program on a second cohort of patients.

      Setting

      The program was offered in the Division of Behavioral Medicine, an outpatient clinic of the Department of Medicine at New England Deaconess Hospital. All patients were receiving care from infertility specialists not affiliated with this hospital.

      Patients

      Fifty two self-referred women receiving medical treatment for infertility attended the program.

      Intervention

      A 10-week group behavioral treatment program.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Three validated psychological instruments.

      Results

      Psychological improvement was statistically significant (Profile of Mood States Tension/Anxiety: P<0.0001; Depression/Dejection: P<0.0122; Vigor/Activity: P<0.0431; Confusion/Bewilderment: P<0.0057; Spielberger Anger Expression: P<0.0013; Spielberger State Anxiety: P<0.0037, and Trait Anxiety: P<0.0001).

      Conclusions

      Behavioral treatment is associated with significant decreases in negative psychological symptoms.

      Key Words

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